Science has diversity inside and it always fetches some ways to benefit humans. Man, being the noblest of all creations has another side of being the most complicated creature in the universe. This complicacy is especially reflected in his evolution and behavior which are complicated and diverse at the same time. Anthropology can be a great source of knowledge if you’re interested to know what makes us humans.
What is Anthropology?
Anthropology is a social science that involves the study of the evolution and behavior of human beings. This discipline also focuses on clarifying how humans differ from one another. Anthropology is simply a discipline of study involving human behaviors and cultures. As an academic discipline, anthropology has four distinct subfields which provide an opportunity to the graduates to seek careers in different fields.
What are the subfields of Anthropology?
Anthropology is considered as a diverse set of knowledge and being an academic discipline it has four different subfields which are given as:
Archeology is related to investigating the beliefs and lifestyles of our ancestors. It also focuses on the study of historical individuals and their cultures by examining the remains of the architecture, gravesites, and possessions of these individuals.
2. Biological Anthropology
Biological anthropology is focused on the study of human evolution. This study involves both the Darwinian and natural evolution of humans. This subfield provides knowledge to the students of how human brains and bodies adapted to the environment. This study can be accomplished by examining any of these:
- Human fossils
- Human Genome
3. Linguistic Anthropology
Linguistic anthropology investigates the different methods by which humans communicate with one another. These ways include:
- Non-verbal communication
This subfield clarifies the reason for how and why a dominant language in culture affects the views of the entire world to the people of that region and culture.
4. Cultural or Socio-Cultural Anthropology
Cultural anthropology involves the study of people’s beliefs and customs. It compares the beliefs and customs of different people around the world. Scholars in this discipline are the source of information of philosophies and practices which are universal among all humans and which are specific to a particular society and culture.
Anthropology subfields provide an opportunity for the learners to develop new skills while learning the ideas and new ways of human culture and behavior. It involves the study of both the local as well as foreign cultures. Through Anthropology, students are enabled to:
- Find creative solutions to their problems
- To think outside their cultural premises
- To solve social and organizational problems
- Develop the ability to present material to the group
- To build consensus while working for common goals
- To facilitate group discussion
Some of the major writing skills that an Anthropologist can learn include
- Writing field notes
- Composing essays
- Research thesis
- Recording ethnographies
So What Jobs Can You Get With An Anthropology Degree?
Top Careers for Anthropologists in the US
A choice of career in the Anthropology discipline is impacted by the following factors:
- Personal Interest
- Personal Values
- Graduate Training
Anthropology is a diverse discipline with several career opportunities for graduates. Anthropologists can be found in educational institutions, different corporations, all levels of government and non-profit associations, and media. Some of the major career paths for anthropologists in the US are listed below:
- Job opportunities in Government Sector
Anthropologists are hired by State and local governmental organizations to be engaged in planning, research, and management. These anthropologists work with governmental organizations in various fields including solving mysterious cases in police departments, government-funded projects, university, and museum settings.
The federal government of a country can hire anthropologists for the following jobs:
- Foreign Services Officer
- International Relations and development
- Cultural resource management
- Natural resource management
- Legislative branch
- Defense and security management
- Forensic and physical anthropology
2. Opportunities of Academic Careers
Anthropologists have a wide range of job opportunities in academic departments which include jobs in campus classes research Laboratories and anthropology departments. They’re engaged in:
- Preparing classes
- Writing lectures
- Grading papers
- Foreign language teacher
- Working with individuals
- Writing books and scholarly articles
Academic anthropologists can also find career opportunities in other departments or programs of the university such as:
- School of medicine
- Public Health
- Ethnic studies
- Community or Area studies
- Cultural studies
- Cognitive psychology and
- Neural Sciences
3. Business and Management Careers
An anthropologist who indulges in business and management works for market research to focus and analyze consumer preference patterns by learning people’s behaviors and preferences. These can be done by surveys and statistical studies. Anthropologists use their knowledge and skills in their research while talking to users and consumers to evaluate their views and to find out methods to improve products or services to meet the demands.
4. Media Planner and Social media Specialists
Anthropologists indulge in social media planning and prepare strategies for how to convey electronic media messages to a particular group of the public to influence their views and emotions. It also focuses on the reactions of the public to the media and communication. Anthropologists, being social media specialists, contribute with the written, verbal, and visual content.
5. Non-profit and Community-based Anthropology Careers
Several non-governmental corporations hire anthropologists for designing and enforcing an extensive variety of programs. Many anthropologists have careers in local and community-based settings for non-profit agencies. These anthropologists can work through community-based research organizations as well as well-established organizations in the community.
A research was conducted by the American Anthropological Association’s Committee on Practicing, Applied and Public Interest Anthropology (CoPAPIA), the respondents responded to describe their post-graduate employment which is listed below:
|Cultural Resource Management (CRM)||Historic Preservation|
|Museum/Project Design/Carnation||Community Development|
|Advocacy (Social Justice/Human rights)||Computers/Information Technology/Software development|
|Design (Product and Services)||Human Social Services|
|International Development/Affairs||Forensic Services|
|Mass Communication||Administration or Management|
|Ethnography/Cultural Anthropology||Evaluation and Assessment|
|Health (Health/International)||Environment and Natural Resources|
|Business Management||Human Resources Representatives|
|Tourism Or Heritage||Healthcare Management Or Services|
|Assessment of Social Impacts||Market Research|
|Law/Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement||Organizational Development Or Training|
|Management Consulting||Humanitarian Efforts|